The Trout Lily, Erythronium americanum, also known as the Dog Toothed Violet, grows in forests in central- eastern Canada and the eastern US. It is an ephemeral spring perennial that grows from a bulb and is only in growth from late winter to late spring, flowering from March to April. The leaves are stiff and waxy and held upright. Only one leaf is produced by the plant until it matures. The plant is known commonly as the Trout Lily because the coloring of the leaves resembles that of brook trout. After several years it has two leaves and grows a single reddish stem with one yellow flower. The flowers have six petals and are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs). The plant propagates mostly by underground runners and can form large colonies. It prefers semi-shade and rich well drained soil. Look for this interesting leaf and beautiful flower in the wooded areas of parks in HP!
Photos taken 4/19/15 MAS